Sentence Structure Quiz

This English Grammar Quiz presents 25 multiple-choice questions to test your knowledge of Sentence Structure.
Each MCQ has four options, a correct answer, and an explanation. Go ahead and test your knowledge!

1. What is a simple sentence?

a) A sentence containing one independent clause and no dependent clauses
b) A sentence containing two or more independent clauses
c) A sentence containing one independent and one dependent clause
d) A sentence containing two or more dependent clauses

Answer:

a) A sentence containing one independent clause and no dependent clauses

Explanation:

A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause that has a subject and a predicate. It does not contain any dependent clauses.

2. Identify the compound sentence.

a) The sun was shining, and the birds were singing.
b) Although it was raining, she went for a walk.
c) She laughed.
d) When he arrived, the party started.

Answer:

a) The sun was shining, and the birds were singing.

Explanation:

A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses joined by a conjunction. This sentence has two independent clauses joined by 'and'.

3. What is a complex sentence?

a) A sentence with two independent clauses
b) A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
c) A sentence with only dependent clauses
d) A sentence with multiple subjects and verbs

Answer:

b) A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause

Explanation:

A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one dependent clause, which cannot stand alone as a sentence.

4. Choose the simple sentence.

a) The dog barked.
b) Although the dog barked, the cat remained calm.
c) The dog barked, and the cat meowed.
d) Because the dog barked loudly, the cat ran away.

Answer:

a) The dog barked.

Explanation:

This is a simple sentence as it contains only one independent clause with a subject (the dog) and a verb (barked).

5. Identify the compound-complex sentence.

a) She ran to the store, but it was closed.
b) After the rain stopped, the sun came out, and the birds started singing.
c) When I finish my homework, I will watch a movie.
d) The cat meowed because it was hungry.

Answer:

b) After the rain stopped, the sun came out, and the birds started singing.

Explanation:

A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. This sentence fits that structure.

6. What is a fragment in sentence structure?

a) A complete sentence with a subject and a predicate
b) An incomplete sentence lacking a subject or a verb
c) A long sentence with multiple clauses
d) A simple sentence with a compound subject

Answer:

b) An incomplete sentence lacking a subject or a verb

Explanation:

A fragment is an incomplete sentence that lacks either a subject, a verb, or both. It does not express a complete thought.

7. Choose the complex sentence.

a) The book was interesting.
b) Because the book was interesting, she read it in one day.
c) She read the book and found it interesting.
d) The book was interesting, so she read it in one day.

Answer:

b) Because the book was interesting, she read it in one day.

Explanation:

This sentence is complex as it contains an independent clause ('she read it in one day') and a dependent clause ('Because the book was interesting').

8. Identify the sentence with parallel structure.

a) She likes to swim, jogging, and to ride a bicycle.
b) She likes swimming, jogging, and riding a bicycle.
c) She likes swimming, to jog, and riding a bicycle.
d) She likes to swim, to jog, and ride a bicycle.

Answer:

b) She likes swimming, jogging, and riding a bicycle.

Explanation:

Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. This sentence correctly maintains the same grammatical form.

9. What is an independent clause?

a) A group of words that can stand alone as a sentence
b) A group of words that cannot stand alone as a sentence
c) A phrase that lacks a subject and a verb
d) A clause that depends on another clause to complete its meaning

Answer:

a) A group of words that can stand alone as a sentence

Explanation:

An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. It can stand alone as a sentence.

10. Choose the sentence that correctly uses a subordinate clause.

a) She completed her assignment and went to bed.
b) When she completed her assignment, she went to bed.
c) She completed her assignment, but she was still not tired.
d) She completed her assignment, which was difficult.

Answer:

b) When she completed her assignment, she went to bed.

Explanation:

A subordinate clause, also known as a dependent clause, does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. This sentence contains a subordinate clause ('When she completed her assignment').

11. What is a clause in a sentence?

a) A group of words without a subject and verb
b) A group of words that includes a subject and a predicate
c) A group of words that expresses a complete thought
d) A part of a sentence that can stand alone

Answer:

b) A group of words that includes a subject and a predicate

Explanation:

A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb (predicate). It may or may not express a complete thought.

12. Identify the sentence with a coordinating conjunction.

a) She wanted to go to the movie, but it was sold out.
b) Although it was cold, he went for a walk.
c) She likes coffee more than she likes tea.
d) He is not only intelligent but also very hardworking.

Answer:

a) She wanted to go to the movie, but it was sold out.

Explanation:

Coordinating conjunctions connect two independent clauses of equal importance. 'But' is a coordinating conjunction used in this sentence.

13. Which sentence is an example of a complex sentence?

a) She laughed and danced throughout the evening.
b) Because she was happy, she laughed.
c) She was happy, so she laughed.
d) She laughed, and she danced.

Answer:

b) Because she was happy, she laughed.

Explanation:

This sentence is complex as it contains an independent clause ('she laughed') and a dependent clause ('Because she was happy').

14. What does a compound sentence use to join independent clauses?

a) Subordinate conjunctions
b) Coordinating conjunctions
c) Dependent clauses
d) Relative pronouns

Answer:

b) Coordinating conjunctions

Explanation:

Compound sentences use coordinating conjunctions (like 'and', 'but', 'or') to join two or more independent clauses.

15. Choose the sentence with a correct use of a comma splice.

a) She loves to read, she goes to the library often.
b) She loves to read, and she goes to the library often.
c) She loves to read; she goes to the library often.
d) She loves to read she goes to the library often.

Answer:

b) She loves to read, and she goes to the library often.

Explanation:

A comma splice is an error that occurs when two independent clauses are joined only by a comma without a conjunction. The correct sentence uses a comma and a coordinating conjunction ('and').

16. What is a run-on sentence?

a) A sentence that is too long
b) A sentence with too many details
c) A sentence where two or more independent clauses are joined without proper punctuation or conjunctions
d) A sentence with a complex structure

Answer:

c) A sentence where two or more independent clauses are joined without proper punctuation or conjunctions

Explanation:

A run-on sentence improperly joins two or more independent clauses without the use of correct punctuation or conjunctions.

17. Identify the sentence with a relative clause.

a) The book, which she read, was fascinating.
b) She read a book and found it fascinating.
c) She read a book, but it was not fascinating.
d) Reading a book, she found it fascinating.

Answer:

a) The book, which she read, was fascinating.

Explanation:

A relative clause is a type of dependent clause that starts with a relative pronoun ('which', 'who', 'that'). It provides extra information about a noun.

18. Which sentence is an example of a simple sentence?

a) Although it was raining, she walked to the store.
b) The dog barked loudly, and the cat hissed.
c) She quickly finished her homework.
d) When he arrives, we will start the meeting.

Answer:

c) She quickly finished her homework.

Explanation:

This is a simple sentence as it contains a single independent clause with a subject (she) and a verb (finished).

19. What is the purpose of a subordinate conjunction in a sentence?

a) To join two independent clauses
b) To introduce a dependent clause
c) To add extra information to a noun
d) To correct run-on sentences

Answer:

b) To introduce a dependent clause

Explanation:

Subordinate conjunctions (like 'because', 'although', 'when') are used to introduce dependent clauses, which cannot stand alone as sentences.

20. Choose the sentence that correctly uses an appositive.

a) John, my brother, is a doctor.
b) John and my brother are doctors.
c) My brother John is a doctor.
d) John, who is a doctor, is my brother.

Answer:

a) John, my brother, is a doctor.

Explanation:

An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames or provides additional information about another noun right beside it. This sentence correctly uses 'my brother' as an appositive for 'John'.

21. Identify the compound sentence.

a) He likes to read, especially novels.
b) He likes to read, and he enjoys novels.
c) He likes to read because he enjoys novels.
d) Reading is enjoyable to him, so he reads often.

Answer:

b) He likes to read, and he enjoys novels.

Explanation:

A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction. In this case, 'and' joins the two independent clauses.

22. What is a predicate in a sentence?

a) The main verb and its objects or modifiers
b) The subject or the main topic of the sentence
c) The introductory phrase or clause
d) The conjunction used to connect clauses

Answer:

a) The main verb and its objects or modifiers

Explanation:

The predicate of a sentence tells something about the subject and usually contains the main verb, along with its objects, complements, and/or modifiers.

23. Choose the sentence with an example of an indirect object.

a) She gave her friend a gift.
b) She went to the store.
c) The teacher taught the lesson.
d) He read the book.

Answer:

a) She gave her friend a gift.

Explanation:

An indirect object is the recipient of the direct object. In this sentence, 'her friend' is the indirect object receiving the direct object 'a gift'.

24. Identify the sentence with a prepositional phrase.

a) Quickly running, she reached the station.
b) She reached the station in time.
c) She reached the station, which was crowded.
d) Reaching the station, she felt relieved.

Answer:

b) She reached the station in time.

Explanation:

A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun, called the object of the preposition. 'In time' is a prepositional phrase in this sentence.

25. What is the purpose of a conjunctive adverb in a sentence?

a) To introduce a dependent clause
b) To provide additional detail about the subject
c) To connect two independent clauses or sentences
d) To describe the verb in more detail

Answer:

c) To connect two independent clauses or sentences

Explanation:

Conjunctive adverbs (like 'however', 'therefore', 'moreover') are used to connect two independent clauses or sentences, showing relation in terms of sequence, contrast, cause and effect, etc.

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