Prefixes and Suffixes Quiz

This English Grammar Quiz presents 25 multiple-choice questions to test your knowledge of Prefixes and Suffixes. Each MCQ has four options, a correct answer, and an explanation. Go ahead and test your knowledge!

1. What is a prefix?

a) A word ending added to change the meaning of a word
b) A group of letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning
c) A group of letters added to the middle of a word
d) A type of determiner in a sentence

Answer:

b) A group of letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning

Explanation:

A prefix is a group of letters placed before the beginning of a word to modify its meaning. For example, the prefix 'un-' added to 'happy' makes 'unhappy.'

2. Choose the word with a prefix that means 'not' or 'opposite of'.

a) Disagree
b) Preview
c) Bicycle
d) Postwar

Answer:

a) Disagree

Explanation:

'Disagree' contains the prefix 'dis-', which means 'not' or 'opposite of'. It changes the meaning of 'agree' to its opposite.

3. What is a suffix?

a) A group of letters added to the beginning of a word
b) A word ending added to change the meaning or grammatical function of a word
c) A type of compound word
d) A group of letters added to the middle of a word

Answer:

b) A word ending added to change the meaning or grammatical function of a word

Explanation:

A suffix is a group of letters added at the end of a word to change its meaning or grammatical function. For example, adding '-ness' to 'happy' forms 'happiness.'

4. Identify the word with a suffix that turns a verb into a noun.

a) Quickly
b) Runner
c) Happiness
d) Agreeable

Answer:

b) Runner

Explanation:

'Runner' contains the suffix '-er', which turns the verb 'run' into a noun that describes someone who runs.

5. What is the function of the prefix 're-' in a word?

a) To indicate 'again' or 'back'
b) To mean 'not' or 'opposite of'
c) To signify 'before'
d) To indicate 'under' or 'below'

Answer:

a) To indicate 'again' or 'back'

Explanation:

The prefix 're-' is added to verbs to indicate the meaning of 'again' or 'back'. For example, 'redo' means to do again.

6. Choose the word with a suffix that indicates a state or quality.

a) Quickly
b) Hopeful
c) Argument
d) Truthfulness

Answer:

d) Truthfulness

Explanation:

'Truthfulness' contains the suffix '-ness', which indicates a state or quality. It changes 'truthful' into a noun representing the state of being truthful.

7. Identify the prefix in the word 'submarine'.

a) Sub
b) Marine
c) Subm
d) Arine

Answer:

a) Sub

Explanation:

'Sub' is the prefix in 'submarine.' It means 'under' or 'below,' indicating something located below the surface, in this case, below the surface of the water.

8. What is the function of the suffix '-ly' in a word?

a) To form an adjective
b) To form a plural noun
c) To turn a noun into a verb
d) To turn an adjective or noun into an adverb

Answer:

d) To turn an adjective or noun into an adverb

Explanation:

The suffix '-ly' is added to adjectives or nouns to form adverbs. For example, 'quick' becomes 'quickly,' modifying the manner of an action.

9. Choose the word with a prefix meaning 'before'.

a) Preview
b) Dislike
c) Unhappy
d) Mislead

Answer:

a) Preview

Explanation:

'Preview' contains the prefix 'pre-', which means 'before'. It indicates viewing something before it is officially available or presented.

10. Identify the suffix in the word 'childhood'.

a) Child
b) Hood
c) Childh
d) Ood

Answer:

b) Hood

Explanation:

'Hood' is the suffix in 'childhood.' It is used to form nouns that indicate a state, condition, or period associated with the root word, in this case, the period of being a child.

11. What is the meaning of the prefix 'anti-'?

a) Again
b) Not or opposite of
c) After
d) Against or opposed to

Answer:

d) Against or opposed to

Explanation:

The prefix 'anti-' means 'against' or 'opposed to.' It is used to form words that signify opposition or resistance, like 'antibiotic' (against bacteria).

12. Choose the word with a suffix that forms an adjective.

a) Beautifully
b) Childlike
c) Freedom
d) Kindness

Answer:

b) Childlike

Explanation:

'Childlike' contains the suffix '-like', which forms adjectives. It modifies the noun 'child' to describe something that resembles or is characteristic of a child.

13. Identify the prefix in the word 'misunderstand'.

a) Mis
b) Understand
c) Misu
d) Derstand

Answer:

a) Mis

Explanation:

'Mis' is the prefix in 'misunderstand.' It means 'wrongly' or 'badly,' indicating a wrong understanding.

14. What is the function of the suffix '-able' in a word?

a) To indicate capability or suitability
b) To form a plural noun
c) To turn a verb into a noun
d) To indicate a past action

Answer:

a) To indicate capability or suitability

Explanation:

The suffix '-able' is added to verbs to form adjectives, indicating that something can be done (capability) or is suitable for a certain purpose.

15. Choose the word with a prefix that means 'after'.

a) Prehistoric
b) Postwar
c) Unusual
d) Disappear

Answer:

b) Postwar

Explanation:

'Postwar' contains the prefix 'post-', which means 'after'. It indicates something occurring or existing after a war.

16. Identify the suffix in the word 'exceptional'.

a) Ex
b) Ceptional
c) Exception
d) Al

Answer:

d) Al

Explanation:

'Al' is the suffix in 'exceptional.' It is used to form adjectives, often from nouns, and it indicates pertaining to or characterized by something, in this case, an exception.

17. What is the meaning of the prefix 'un-'?

a) Before
b) Not or opposite of
c) Under
d) Again

Answer:

b) Not or opposite of

Explanation:

The prefix 'un-' means 'not' or 'opposite of.' It is commonly used to form the negative or opposite meaning of an adjective, like 'unhappy' or 'uncertain.'

18. Choose the word with a suffix that indicates a small size or diminutive form.

a) Booklet
b) Kindness
c) Quickly
d) Hopeful

Answer:

a) Booklet

Explanation:

'Booklet' contains the suffix '-let', which is a diminutive suffix. It indicates a smaller or lesser form of the noun 'book.'

19. Identify the prefix in the word 'bicycle'.

a) Bi
b) Cycle
c) Bicy
d) Ycle

Answer:

a) Bi

Explanation:

'Bi' is the prefix in 'bicycle.' It means 'two' or 'twice,' indicating something with two parts or aspects, in this case, two wheels.

20. What is the function of the suffix '-ment' in a word?

a) To form a plural noun
b) To turn a verb into a noun
c) To indicate a small size
d) To form an adverb

Answer:

b) To turn a verb into a noun

Explanation:

The suffix '-ment' is added to verbs to form nouns. It often indicates the action, result, or means of the root verb, like 'payment' from 'pay.'

21. Choose the word with a prefix that indicates negation or absence.

a) Illegal
b) Misuse
c) Predispose
d) React

Answer:

a) Illegal

Explanation:

'Illegal' contains the prefix 'il-', which is a form of 'in-' used before words starting with 'l' to indicate negation or absence. It negates the meaning of 'legal.'

22. Identify the suffix in the word 'playful'.

a) Play
b) Ful
c) Playf
d) Yful

Answer:

b) Ful

Explanation:

'Ful' is the suffix in 'playful.' It is used to form adjectives and indicates having the qualities of or being full of something, in this case, full of play or playfulness.

23. What is the meaning of the prefix 'inter-'?

a) Between or among
b) Not or opposite of
c) Before
d) After

Answer:

a) Between or among

Explanation:

The prefix 'inter-' means 'between' or 'among.' It is used to form words that indicate something occurring between groups or being reciprocal, like 'international' or 'interact.'

24. Choose the word with a suffix that turns a noun into an adjective.

a) Kingdom
b) Kingly
c) Kinghood
d) Kingship

Answer:

b) Kingly

Explanation:

'Kingly' contains the suffix '-ly', which turns the noun 'king' into an adjective. It describes something having the characteristics or manner of a king.

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