Civil Engineering MCQ – Airport Engineering MCQ

Civil Engineering students can access a set of Airport Engineering MCQ questions and answers to assist them in preparing for GATE exams, various technical interviews, competitive examinations, and other entrance exams. The Airport Engineering MCQ section holds significant importance for both Civil Engineering and GATE students.

1. What is the primary purpose of a runway in airport engineering?

a) For aircraft parking
b) For passenger boarding
c) For aircraft takeoff and landing
d) For refueling aircraft

Answer:

c) For aircraft takeoff and landing

Explanation:

The runway in an airport is specifically designed for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. It's a critical component of the airport infrastructure.

2. What does ILS stand for in airport engineering?

a) International Landing System
b) Instrument Landing System
c) Integrated Logistic Support
d) Internal Lighting System

Answer:

b) Instrument Landing System

Explanation:

ILS, or Instrument Landing System, is a precision runway approach aid based on two radio beams that provide pilots with vertical and horizontal guidance during the approach and landing phases.

3. What is the significance of the taxiway in an airport?

a) It's used as a waiting area for airplanes
b) It connects the runway with the apron or hangars
c) It's used for aircraft maintenance
d) It serves as the main passenger terminal

Answer:

b) It connects the runway with the apron or hangars

Explanation:

Taxiways are pathways at an airport that connect runways with aprons, hangars, terminals, and other facilities, allowing the movement of aircraft to and from the runway.

4. What is an apron in airport engineering?

a) A special uniform worn by airport staff
b) The area where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, and refueled
c) The main building where passengers check in
d) A protective structure for radar equipment

Answer:

b) The area where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, and refueled

Explanation:

The apron, or ramp, is the area at an airport where aircraft are parked for purposes like boarding, disembarking, refueling, and cargo loading.

5. What is the main factor in determining runway length?

a) The airport's total area
b) The type of aircraft using the airport
c) The number of passengers
d) The number of runways

Answer:

b) The type of aircraft using the airport

Explanation:

The length of a runway is primarily determined by the type of aircraft that will use the airport, considering factors like the aircraft's takeoff and landing requirements, weight, and speed.

6. What is the purpose of runway edge lights?

a) To decorate the runway
b) To provide illumination for aircraft parking
c) To define the edges of the runway during periods of low visibility
d) To guide passengers during boarding

Answer:

c) To define the edges of the runway during periods of low visibility

Explanation:

Runway edge lights are installed to outline the edges of runways during times of low visibility such as night or bad weather, aiding pilots in takeoff and landing.

7. What does VFR stand for in aviation?

a) Variable Flight Regulation
b) Visual Flight Rules
c) Vertical Flight Route
d) Vehicular Fuel Ratio

Answer:

b) Visual Flight Rules

Explanation:

VFR, or Visual Flight Rules, are a set of regulations under which a pilot operates an aircraft in weather conditions generally clear enough to allow the pilot to see where the aircraft is going.

8. What is a control tower's primary function at an airport?

a) To control airport lighting
b) To provide a view of the entire airport
c) To manage air traffic control and communication
d) To surveil the airport for security purposes

Answer:

c) To manage air traffic control and communication

Explanation:

The control tower is a critical facility at airports, responsible for managing air traffic control and communication with pilots to ensure safe and efficient aircraft movements on the runway and in the airspace around the airport.

9. What are PAPI lights used for in airports?

a) For aesthetic lighting of the terminal
b) To indicate the correct approach path for landing to pilots
c) For runway edge illumination
d) To light up the airport signage

Answer:

b) To indicate the correct approach path for landing to pilots

Explanation:

PAPI, or Precision Approach Path Indicators, are visual aids that provide pilots with a safe and accurate glide path during the approach for landing.

10. What is the main purpose of airport pavement design?

a) To create decorative patterns on the runway
b) To support the heavy loads of aircraft and provide a smooth surface for operations
c) To facilitate water drainage
d) To reduce the noise of aircraft engines

Answer:

b) To support the heavy loads of aircraft and provide a smooth surface for operations

Explanation:

Airport pavement is designed to support heavy aircraft loads and provide a smooth, durable surface for safe aircraft operations, including takeoff, landing, and taxiing.

11. What is a hangar used for in an airport?

a) To serve as a passenger terminal
b) For aircraft maintenance and storage
c) As a fueling station for airplanes
d) For air traffic control operations

Answer:

b) For aircraft maintenance and storage

Explanation:

Hangars at airports are large structures where aircraft are stored and maintained when not in use. They provide space for repairs, overhauls, and sometimes for aircraft assembly.

12. What is the main function of airport drainage systems?

a) To supply water to the airport
b) To prevent water accumulation and flooding on airfield surfaces
c) To irrigate airport gardens
d) To provide drinking water at terminals

Answer:

b) To prevent water accumulation and flooding on airfield surfaces

Explanation:

Efficient drainage systems at airports are crucial to prevent water accumulation and flooding on runways, taxiways, and other airfield surfaces, ensuring safety and uninterrupted airport operations.

13. What is an Instrument Approach Procedure (IAP)?

a) A method for aircraft to land using instruments in poor visibility
b) The procedure for switching on runway lights
c) A maintenance procedure for airport instruments
d) A protocol for refueling aircraft

Answer:

a) A method for aircraft to land using instruments in poor visibility

Explanation:

An Instrument Approach Procedure is a series of predetermined maneuvers for the orderly transfer of an aircraft under instrument flight conditions into a position for landing on a runway.

14. Why is airport site selection important?

a) It determines the airport's food and beverage choices
b) It impacts the environmental and socio-economic aspects of the region
c) It is only important for aesthetic reasons
d) It affects the color scheme of the airport

Answer:

b) It impacts the environmental and socio-economic aspects of the region

Explanation:

Selecting a suitable site for an airport is critical as it affects various factors such as environmental impact, accessibility, socio-economic development, and safety.

15. What does the term 'apron' signify in airport engineering?

a) A protective garment worn by ground staff
b) The part of the airport where aircraft are parked, unloaded, or refueled
c) The main passenger terminal
d) The area for baggage handling

Answer:

b) The part of the airport where aircraft are parked, unloaded, or refueled

Explanation:

The apron or ramp is a section of an airport where aircraft are parked for purposes like boarding, refueling, loading, and unloading.

16. What are runway threshold markings used for?

a) To indicate where the runway begins
b) To display the airport's logo
c) To direct the taxiing of aircraft
d) For decorative purposes

Answer:

a) To indicate where the runway begins

Explanation:

Runway threshold markings are stripes on the runway that signify the beginning of the runway available for landing. They are crucial for pilot visual cues during approach and landing.

17. What is the role of a blast fence at an airport?

a) To protect against jet blast from aircraft engines
b) To provide privacy for VIP passengers
c) To shield the runway from strong winds
d) To reduce noise pollution

Answer:

a) To protect against jet blast from aircraft engines

Explanation:

Blast fences or jet blast deflectors are structures at airports designed to protect objects and people from the high-energy exhaust from jet engines.

18. In airport design, what is meant by 'clear zone'?

a) A zone free from obstacles for safe aircraft operations
b) An area where passengers can rest
c) A pollution-free zone
d) A security zone for baggage check

Answer:

a) A zone free from obstacles for safe aircraft operations

Explanation:

The clear zone in airport design refers to an area at the end of the runway, kept free from obstacles, to enhance safety for aircraft during takeoff and landing.

19. What are taxiway markings used for?

a) To guide aircraft from the runway to the apron
b) For artistic expression
c) To indicate parking spots for aircraft
d) To denote restricted areas

Answer:

a) To guide aircraft from the runway to the apron

Explanation:

Taxiway markings are used to guide aircraft in moving from runways to aprons, hangars, terminals, and other facilities within the airport.

20. What is the significance of runway orientation in airport design?

a) It is important for the aesthetic layout of the airport
b) It determines the direction of flight routes
c) It is crucial for wind direction and safety during takeoffs and landings
d) It affects the airport's name

Answer:

c) It is crucial for wind direction and safety during takeoffs and landings

Explanation:

Runway orientation is a critical aspect of airport design. It is determined based on prevailing wind directions to ensure aircraft can take off and land into the wind whenever possible, enhancing safety and efficiency.

21. Why are airport master plans important?

a) They are only for marketing purposes
b) They outline the future development and expansion plans of the airport
c) They detail daily flight schedules
d) They are used to set ticket prices

Answer:

b) They outline the future development and expansion plans of the airport

Explanation:

Airport master plans are vital for strategic planning, providing a roadmap for short-term, medium-term, and long-term development and expansion of airport facilities to meet future demands.

22. What is a displaced threshold on a runway?

a) A part of the runway used only for taxiing
b) A part of the runway where takeoff is not allowed
c) A section of the runway shifted for construction purposes
d) An area where the runway threshold is moved to provide a larger landing area

Answer:

d) An area where the runway threshold is moved to provide a larger landing area

Explanation:

A displaced threshold is a section of the runway where landings are allowed but takeoffs are not. This adjustment can be used to avoid obstacles or provide additional landing distance.

23. What is the purpose of an Arresting System in airport engineering?

a) To detain unruly passengers
b) To reduce the speed of fast-moving aircraft during landing
c) For security checkpoints
d) To arrest the movement of baggage carts

Answer:

b) To reduce the speed of fast-moving aircraft during landing

Explanation:

An Arresting System, such as an engineered materials arrestor system (EMAS), is designed to safely stop an aircraft that overruns the runway by rapidly decelerating it.

24. What does the term 'crosswind' refer to in the context of airports?

a) Wind blowing across the direction of travel of an aircraft
b) A special type of aircraft engine
c) Winds that help in lifting the aircraft
d) Winds that blow directly towards the runway

Answer:

a) Wind blowing across the direction of travel of an aircraft

Explanation:

Crosswind is the component of wind that blows across the direction of travel of an aircraft, particularly relevant during takeoffs and landings, as it can affect the aircraft's performance.

25. Why is the geometric design of an airport important?

a) It ensures the efficient movement of aircraft, vehicles, and passengers
b) It is only for aesthetic purposes
c) It determines the airport's capacity to hold aircraft
d) It is used to impress investors

Answer:

a) It ensures the efficient movement of aircraft, vehicles, and passengers

Explanation:

The geometric design of an airport, including runway lengths, taxiway layout, and terminal design, is crucial for ensuring efficient, safe, and smooth movement of aircraft, vehicles, and passengers within the airport.

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