Races and Games problems are common in aptitude tests, focusing on scenarios involving competition and strategy, such as athletic contests, board games, or card games. These problems often involve calculating speeds, distances, probabilities, and outcomes based on given conditions or rules.

## 1. A and B run a race of 200 meters. When A reaches the finish line, B is 25 meters behind. What is the ratio of A's speed to B's speed?

a) 8:7

b) 4:3

c) 5:4

d) 6:5

### Answer:

a) 8:7

### Explanation:

```
- When A finishes 200 meters, B covers (200 - 25) = 175 meters.
- Ratio of speeds = Ratio of distances covered = 200/175 = 8/7.
```

## 2. In a 100-meter race, A beats B by 10 meters or 2 seconds. What is A's time over the course?

a) 10 seconds

b) 12 seconds

c) 14 seconds

d) 16 seconds

### Answer:

c) 14 seconds

### Explanation:

```
- B covers 90 meters in the time A covers 100 meters.
- B's speed = 90/100 times A's speed.
- Time difference = 2 seconds, so A's time = 90/100 * Time of B = 14 seconds.
```

## 3. A, B, and C run a race. A beats B by 15 meters and C by 30 meters. If B and C are running at the same speed, what is the distance of the race?

a) 45 meters

b) 60 meters

c) 75 meters

d) 90 meters

### Answer:

c) 75 meters

### Explanation:

```
- When A finishes, B is 15 meters behind and C is 30 meters behind.
- The ratio of speeds of A:B = Distance of race / (Distance of race - 15).
- The ratio of speeds of A:C = Distance of race / (Distance of race - 30).
- Since B and C run at the same speed, these two ratios are equal. Solving for the distance, we get 75 meters.
```

## 4. In a game of billiards, A can give B 15 points in 60 and he can give C 20 points in 60. How many points can B give C in a game of 90?

a) 10 points

b) 12 points

c) 15 points

d) 18 points

### Answer:

b) 12 points

### Explanation:

```
- A's 60 points = B's 45 points = C's 40 points.
- The ratio of B's points to C's points = 45/40.
- In a game of 90 points, B can give C = 90 - (90 * 40/45) = 12 points.
```

## 5. In a 400 meter race, if A gives B a start of 40 meters, A wins by 19 seconds. However, if A gives B a start of 30 meters, B wins by 18 seconds. What is the time taken by A to run the race?

a) 80 seconds

b) 95 seconds

c) 110 seconds

d) 125 seconds

### Answer:

b) 95 seconds

### Explanation:

```
- Let the speeds of A and B be 'a' and 'b' meters/sec respectively.
- When A gives B a start of 40 meters, A runs 400 meters while B runs 360 meters.
- When A gives B a start of 30 meters, A runs 400 meters while B runs 370 meters.
- Using the two conditions and solving the equations, we find A's time to be 95 seconds.
```

## 6. In a chess tournament, a player scores 1 point for a win, 0.5 points for a draw, and 0 points for a loss. If a player scored 5 points in 9 games, how many games did they win?

a) 3

b) 4

c) 5

d) 6

### Answer:

b) 4

### Explanation:

```
- Let the number of wins be W, draws be D, and losses be L.
- Total games = W + D + L = 9.
- Points from wins and draws = W + 0.5D.
- Given, W + 0.5D = 5 and W + D + L = 9.
- Solving these equations, we find W = 4.
```

## 7. A and B run a 1 km race. A gives B a start of 200 meters and still wins by 20 seconds. What is the time taken by A to complete the race?

a) 100 seconds

b) 120 seconds

c) 140 seconds

d) 160 seconds

### Answer:

c) 140 seconds

### Explanation:

```
- Let the time taken by A to complete the race be T seconds.
- A covers 1 km in T seconds, so B covers 800 meters in T seconds.
- B takes T + 20 seconds to cover 1 km.
- Using the ratio of speeds and distances, T = 140 seconds.
```

## 8. In a game of poker, the probability of getting a flush (excluding straight or royal flush) in a 5-card hand is:

a) 1 in 500

b) 1 in 509

c) 1 in 650

d) 1 in 700

### Answer:

b) 1 in 509

### Explanation:

```
- Probability of a flush = [Combinations of 5 cards of the same suit] / [Total combinations of 5 cards from 52].
- Calculation shows the probability is approximately 1 in 509.
```

## 9. In a 200-meter race, A beats B by 20 meters. In a 400-meter race, by how many meters will A beat B?

a) 30 meters

b) 40 meters

c) 50 meters

d) 60 meters

### Answer:

b) 40 meters

### Explanation:

```
- Ratio of speeds of A and B = 200 / 180.
- In a 400-meter race, A beats B by 400 - (400 * 180/200) = 40 meters.
```

## 10. A and B are playing a game of dice. If A needs to roll a six to win and his probability of rolling a six is 1/6, what is the probability that A wins on his third roll?

a) 1/216

b) 1/36

c) 5/36

d) 1/6

### Answer:

b) 1/36

### Explanation:

```
- Probability of not getting a six in the first two rolls = (5/6)^2.
- Probability of getting a six on the third roll = 1/6.
- Total probability = (5/6)^2 * (1/6) = 1/36.
```

## 11. In a 100-meter race, A can give B a 10 meter start and C a 20 meter start. If B and C race, how many meters start will B give to C?

a) 5 meters

b) 10 meters

c) 15 meters

d) 20 meters

### Answer:

b) 10 meters

### Explanation:

```
- A's 100 meters = B's 90 meters = C's 80 meters.
- B's 90 meters = C's 80 meters, so in a 100-meter race, B will give C a 10 meter start.
```

## 12. In a game of carrom, A and B play a series of games. If the odds in favor of A winning the game are 2:3, what is the probability that A wins the game?

a) 2/5

b) 3/5

c) 1/2

d) 2/3

### Answer:

a) 2/5

### Explanation:

```
- Probability of A winning = Favorable outcomes / Total outcomes = 2 / (2 + 3) = 2/5.
```

## 13. A runs 1.5 times faster than B. If A gives B a start of 60 meters in a 300-meter race, who will win?

a) A wins

b) B wins

c) They finish together

d) It depends on their stamina

### Answer:

a) A wins

### Explanation:

```
- Time taken by B to run 300 meters = T.
- A runs 1.5 times faster, so time taken by A = T/1.5.
- In the time B runs 240 meters (300 - 60), A runs 1.5 * 240 = 360 meters.
- Therefore, A will win the race.
```

## 14. In a card game, the probability of drawing an ace from a well-shuffled standard deck is:

a) 1/13

b) 1/52

c) 4/52

d) 1/26

### Answer:

c) 4/52

### Explanation:

```
- A standard deck has 52 cards, with 4 aces.
- Probability of drawing an ace = Number of aces / Total number of cards = 4/52.
```

## 15. A cyclist and a runner are competing in a triathlon. The cyclist travels at 40 km/h and the runner at 10 km/h. If the cyclist gives the runner a 30 km head start, how long will it take for the cyclist to catch up?

a) 1 hour

b) 1.5 hours

c) 2 hours

d) 2.5 hours

### Answer:

a) 1 hour

### Explanation:

```
- Relative speed = Speed of cyclist - Speed of runner = 40 km/h - 10 km/h = 30 km/h.
- Distance to catch up = 30 km.
- Time to catch up = Distance / Relative speed = 30 km / 30 km/h = 1 hour.
```

## 16. In a 400-meter race, A finishes the race 10 seconds before B. If A's speed is 8 m/s, what is the speed of B?

a) 6 m/s

b) 7 m/s

c) 7.5 m/s

d) 8 m/s

### Answer:

b) 7 m/s

### Explanation:

```
- Time taken by A = 400 meters / 8 m/s = 50 seconds.
- Time taken by B = 50 seconds + 10 seconds = 60 seconds.
- Speed of B = 400 meters / 60 seconds = 6.67 m/s, approximately 7 m/s.
```

## 17. Two players, A and B, play a match of tennis. The odds against A winning the match are 1:3. What is the probability that A wins the match?

a) 1/4

b) 3/4

c) 1/3

d) 2/3

### Answer:

a) 1/4

### Explanation:

```
- Probability of A winning = Unfavorable outcomes / Total outcomes = 1 / (1 + 3) = 1/4.
```

## 18. A and B participate in a 100-meter sprint. If A beats B by 5 seconds and A's speed is 20 m/s, what is the speed of B?

a) 10 m/s

b) 17 m/s

c) 18 m/s

d) 19 m/s

### Answer:

a) 10 m/s

### Explanation:

```
- Time taken by A = 100 meters / 20 m/s = 5 seconds.
- Time taken by B = 5 seconds + 5 seconds = 10 seconds.
- Speed of B = 100 meters / 10 seconds = 10 m/s.
```

## 19. In a game of darts, if the probability of hitting the bullseye is 1/5, what is the probability of hitting the bullseye at least once in three attempts?

a) 1/125

b) 3/25

c) 57/125

d) 1/5

### Answer:

c) 57/125

### Explanation:

```
- Probability of not hitting the bullseye = 1 - 1/5 = 4/5.
- Probability of not hitting in 3 attempts = (4/5)^3.
- Probability of hitting at least once = 1 - (4/5)^3 = 57/125.
```

## 20. In a 500-meter race, A gives B a 50 meter head start. If A runs at a speed of 10 m/s and B at a speed of 8 m/s, who will win the race?

a) A wins

b) B wins

c) They finish together

d) It depends on other factors

### Answer:

a) A wins

### Explanation:

```
- Time taken by A to complete 500 meters = 500/10 = 50 seconds.
- Time taken by B to complete 450 meters = 450/8 = 56.25 seconds.
- A finishes the race first, so A wins.
```